The pike tail is an unpretentious plant that does not require special knowledge in home agricultural technology. If you choose the wrong soil for sansevieria, the transplant can end in disrepair. Indoor flower in uncomfortable conditions does not adapt well in a new place.
The pike tail belongs to succulents, so peat should be at the base of the substrate. Beginners can buy ready-made balanced soil in the store. Experienced flower growers prefer to knead it on their own.
What soil is needed sansevieria
The plant does not like acidic soils - because of the high nitrogen content, the skin on the flower cracks. The best option is soil with neutral ph (6-7). The loose light structure provides good aeration to the roots.
The substrate for transplanting sansevieria is prepared according to the recipe:
- to the 1st part of peat add the same amount of sand;
- make 3 parts of turf or leaf soil, as well as ½ part of humus;
- a little vermiculite or perlite is added to the mixture (to absorb excess moisture);
- The substrate is poured into a pot and used to transplant a flower.
You can take another composition of the soil: from sand, deciduous and sod land in a ratio of 2: 2: 6, respectively.
How fast is sansevieria growing
The question of how to transplant a pike tail is rare for gardeners - this plant develops very slowly. It will be more relevant to ask when this procedure should be performed.
Mother-in-law's tongue (another name for the plant) can freely develop in one container for 2-3 years. Time is not a reason to make a move. The following points will become a signal for a transplant:
- separate leaflets formed on young leaves;
- closely to the plant, roots are seen from the drain hole at the bottom of the pot;
- sansevieria began to fade, turn yellow, curl up, curl.
Note! The last reason is often provoked by improper care, leading to rotting of the roots. To make sure the condition of the underground part of the plant, it will have to be removed from the pot. Having put the roots in order, it is more reasonable to immediately allocate a new container under the pike tail.
If you ignore the plant’s signals that it’s time to change the pot, it continues to develop and begins to deform. To feel comfortable sansevieria transplantation at home is carried out in compliance with the requirements:
- at the pike tail, the roots are located close to the surface, therefore, when choosing a container, they take into account not the depth, but the width;
- the new pot should be 10% larger than the previous one - the root system of this plant loves crowding;
- the stability of containers is important - sansevieria refers to heavy plants (especially tall species).
Transplanting into a new pot
Note!The material from which the pot is made matters. So that the container does not burst under the pressure of the roots, it must have thick walls. Therefore, it is better to take a clay container under the flower.
How to plant a pike tail at home
Sansevieria does not have a rest period, so the time to move to a new container may come in any season. Having prepared the pot and soil, they study the algorithm on how to transplant sansevieria correctly:
- taking a knife in his hand, his dull side is carried along the inner wall of the pot - this will facilitate the extraction of the flower;
- the pike tail is placed in the basin and the old soil is washed off with a stream of water from the roots;
- the bottom of the new tank is covered with expanded clay, over which 1/3 layer of fresh substrate is poured;
- set the plant in the center, carefully leveling the roots;
- A little earth is poured around the flower and rammed.
The last step is repeated until the container is filled with soil. At the same time, each layer is slightly moistened with water at room temperature.
Important! When transplanting sansevieria, the size of the plant is taken into account. If the bush is already several years old, it has tall heavy sheets. Therefore, for the time of rooting in a new pot, the pike tail will need reliable fixation.
Reproduction of Sansevieria
If the time to plant the mother-in-law's tongues fell in the spring, this procedure can be combined with reproduction. During this period, all biological processes are proceeding at an accelerated pace, the active movement of juices will help the plant to take root faster.
Beginning gardeners are interested in the question of how sansevieria multiplies. Perform this event in several ways:
- division of rhizomes;
- cutting off the side shoots;
- fragments of a leaf plate.
The latter option does not allow to preserve the color of some species of pike tail, but the method still remains popular. This method is especially good if the root system becomes sick and becomes unusable.
You can take advantage of the reproduction of sansevieria leaf and in the case when the already formed plate breaks off. At the same time, tongues can be rooted in the soil both in the ground and in a cylindrical container with water.
To take root sansevieria, leaf propagation is carried out in the wrong soil, which is intended for a flower transplant. In this case, the loose substrate should contain components in the following proportion:
- on the 1st part of sand and humus;
- 2 parts of turf and leaf land;
- the presence of charcoal is mandatory.
Another composition is suitable for propagation: from leaf and turf land with the addition of perlite (all ingredients are taken in equal parts). The soil before planting should be sterile (calcined) and moist.
Which pot is needed
The rules for choosing a pike tail capacity were mentioned above. The cuttings with which the plant will be propagated are small. Therefore, you should not take a spacious pot. To begin with, a capacity of no more than 8 cm in diameter and a depth of about 5-6 cm is quite suitable.
As for the material of the pot, it must be breathable so that future roots can breathe. For this, ceramics (clay) is best suited. In addition, it absorbs water perfectly, playing the role of additional drainage.
To know how to properly propagate sansevieria leaf, adhere to step by step instructions. Moreover, despite the general points, there are differences in earthen and water rooting.
First, they perform the following actions:
- cut a healthy leaf without damage from the uterine bush;
- the plate is cut into strips of 10-15 cm, moving with a sharp knife perpendicular to the veins;
- on each fragment, the marker marks the bottom and top (this is important when landing).
Important! If you deepen part of the plate into the ground or lower it into the water with the wrong cut (against the movement of juices), you can not wait for the roots.
Features of reproduction of sansevieria leaf
|In the ground||In water|
Planting leaf parts immediately into the substrate is preferable - rooting will occur faster (after 1.5-2 months). New shoots from the leaf can be expected after 7-8 months. For this to happen, optimal conditions are maintained:
- air temperature - within 21-25 °;
- luminous flux - only diffused;
- substrate - moderately moist (watering through a tray).
Note! When propagating a leaf of mother-in-law's tongue, some gardeners practice a greenhouse effect. Doing this is undesirable - because of the increased humidity, the cuttings can rot.
Why remove the growth point from sansevieria
The purpose of reproduction is not just to get a new plant, but also to preserve all its characteristics. Not every method satisfies this desire. In varieties with variegated leaves, the color can be preserved only by reproduction by layering.
The older the plant, the less likely it is to get planting material from it. After 5 years, the root layers are practically not formed in the flower. In order to stimulate the mother liquor to develop, it is necessary to carefully cut (rather than twist) the growth point and remove 2-3 of the upper leaves.
Sansevieria with layering
The plant will immediately redirect forces to the development of rhizomes, after 1.5 months, several good layers will develop on the bush. They are cut off and planted in pots. After this, adult sansevieria can grow for several more years (until the foliage dies).
If sansevieria is not growing
The simplest reason why mother-in-law's tongue has stopped developing is the excessive tightness of the pot. If the growth has stopped a young plant, you should pay attention to the conditions of care:
- improper watering;
- bright sunlight or shading;
- low temperatures;
All these factors not only slow down development, but also become the causes of sansevieria disease. The plant itself will signal a problem.
Pike's tongue has soft leaves
First, the plates begin to turn yellow, then soften at the base. Waterlogging of the soil leads to the situation. Really save the situation can only be transplanted into a new pot. To do this, perform the following steps:
- the flower is carefully removed from the container;
- roots free from the earth and carry out an audit;
Note! If the root system has rotted, there is no point in resuscitating the entire plant.
- soft yellow leaves are removed.
Fresh soil is poured into a new container and a sprout is planted in it. The pot is set aside from sunlight and monitor the irrigation regime.
Why is sansevieria sluggish leaves
The opposite situation, when the soil is overdried, leads to lethargy of the plant (especially if the room temperature is below + 15 °). A quick way to bring sansevieria to life is to rearrange the pot in a warm place, remove the sluggish plates and water the ground.
If signs of rotting of the trunk are noticed, it is better to cut off the undamaged parts of the leaves and root them in a new container. Discard the remains of a diseased plant.
Other developmental problems
Sansevieria, like a cactus, does not like frequent watering. Excess moisture, as well as violation of other modes lead to serious deviations in the development of pike tail.
How to fix Sansevieria problems
|Twisting||Leaves can curl up due to moisture deficit||It is enough to establish regular, but not frequent watering, and the plant will stop curl up|
|Rugosity||Affected by prolonged exposure to shade and lack of moisture||The light mode is corrected, gradually moving the pot to the window. After that regulate watering|
|Leaves fell||Evidence that the plant is cold||It is enough to move the flower to a warm room, and the foliage will quickly straighten|
Knowing which symptom indicates a problem, it is easier to understand why the leaves of Sansevieria are curled (fade, turn yellow, etc.). This will allow in time to provide first aid to the plant and establish proper care.