Roses of breeder David Austin are similar to old varieties, but are more resistant and almost all bloom repeatedly. Thanks to the peculiar shape of the glass, they stand apart, and do not compete with hybrid tea. But the variety Pat Austin stands out even among English roses - he destroyed the claim that their creator has a special predilection for pastel colors.
Rose Pat Austin - what kind of variety is this, the story of creation
Rose Pat Austin is named after the wife of David Austin and has become a real gem of his collection. It was created by crossing the famous varieties Graham Thomas and Abraham Derby in 1995. Marked with the quality mark of the British Royal Horticultural Community (RHS), has received awards at numerous exhibitions.
Rose Pat Austin
Short description, characteristic
For David Austin, the rose Pat Austin became a new stage - he moved away from the gentle pastel shades customary for the collection and created a spectacular flower. The color of the petals is variable. On the outside, they are bright, copper-yellow, and burn out to coral as they age. The back is pale yellow, fading to cream.
The buds of Pat Austin are terry and semi-terry. A deep-shaped goblet consists of 50 petals. Most are bent inward, external wide open. Due to the structure of the flower, the outer and inner parts of the petals are clearly visible, markedly different in color. This creates an interesting visual effect and makes the rose especially attractive.
The flowers of Pat Austin are collected in brushes, usually 1-3 pieces, less often - up to 7 buds. The size and life of the glass depends on external conditions. Its size can be 8-10 or 10-12 cm. The flower does not lose its decorativeness from day to week.
Variability of flower color
Important! Significant differences are often found in the description of Pat Austin. This is a feature of the rose: its height, the size of the glass, the number of flowers in the brush and the period of their decorativeness vary depending on the region, weather, agricultural technology.
Rosa Pat Austin forms a sprawling bush with a diameter of 120 cm at a height of about 100 cm. The shoots are weak, they cope poorly with the load of flowers, they often break or lie down during rain without support. The leaves are dark green, large.
David Austin himself poses the aroma of roses as a pleasant, tea, medium intensity. Russian amateur gardeners often point out that the smell can be strong until cloying. Obviously, this is another indicator of the instability of the variety.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Pat Austin is scolded as often as praised. With the amazing beauty of the glass, the rose is moody and unpredictable.
- pleasant strong aroma;
- terry flower;
- relative shade tolerance (in comparison with other varieties);
- a beautiful glass;
- repeated flowering;
- good (for English roses) frost resistance.
Disadvantages of Pat Austin:
- during rain, the flowers wilt and begin to rot, the buds do not open;
- the variety suffers from heat;
- average resistance to typical diseases of roses;
- poorly tolerates temperature changes;
- instability - plant characteristics are highly dependent on external conditions;
- the difficulty of self-propagation (as with all Austinos).
Use in landscape design
Important! The habitus of the bush Pat Austin allows us to rank the variety among the park. The rose can be placed in partial shade, which makes it especially attractive for dimly lit areas.
The variety looks good when planted as a hedge, a tapeworm (single focal plant), in the foreground of large landscape groups.
In landscape design
Comment! The rose fits perfectly into the design of the romantic garden.
Pat Austin is placed on flower beds and in the company of plants that are radically different in size and shape of the buds or their color:
Landscape designers recommend to plant Rose Pat Austin next to sculptures, arbors, benches. They will decorate any MAFs (small architectural forms), except for fountains - the close proximity to the spraying water will negatively affect the flowers.
Growing a flower, how to plant in open ground
For roses, choose a smooth or not exceeding 10% slope plot. Most of them feel good outdoors. But Pat Austin in the south should be planted under the protection of large shrubs or trees with openwork crown.
Roses are undemanding to soils, but grow better on slightly acidic, organic rich loams. In wetlands, they can not be planted.
The variety is intended for cultivation in the sixth zone, where frosts can reach -23 ° C. But David Austin is a well-known reinsurer in terms of frost resistance of roses. Russian gardeners plant a flower at 5, and cover in the same way as other varieties. In zone 4, serious frost protection will be required, but even there, Pat Austin feels quite well during the growing season.
You can plant roses in spring or autumn. In cooler regions, this is best done at the beginning of the season when the earth warms up. In the south, an autumn landing is preferable - a sudden onset of heat can destroy a bush that has not had time to take root.
Comment! Container roses are planted at any time.
A bush with an open root system must be soaked for 6 hours or more. Landing pits are prepared in at least 2 weeks. Their size should be equal to the size of an earthen coma plus 10-15 cm. The standard diameter of a hole for planting roses:
- on loams rich in organic matter - 40-50 cm;
- for sandy loam, heavy clay and other problematic soils - 60-70 cm.
Chernozem and bulk fertile soil do not need special improvements. In other cases, the landing mixture is prepared from humus, sand, peat, turf land and starter fertilizers. Overly acidic soil is improved with lime or dolomite flour. Alkaline lead to normal using acidic (ginger) peat.
Important! Where the groundwater is close to the surface, the landing pit is made deeper by 10-15 cm, and a layer of drainage of expanded clay, gravel or broken red brick is covered.
- The pit is completely filled with water.
- When the liquid is absorbed, a mound of fertile soil is poured in the center.
- A seedling is placed on top so that the grafting site is 3-5 cm below the edge of the pit.
- Spread the roots.
- Gently fill the pit with fertile soil, constantly compacting it.
- Water the seedling, spending at least 10 liters of water on the bush.
- Add soil.
- Repeat watering.
- The bush is spudded to a height of 20-25 cm. Only the tips of the shoots are left on the surface of a very pruned rose.
Unlike other roses, Pat Austin is pretty picky about leaving. It should be watered rarely, but abundantly, spending at least 10-15 liters of water under the bush at a time. It is desirable to maintain air humidity high, but fogging plants and the close proximity of fountains will negatively affect flowering. It is good if there is a flower bed nearby with plants requiring abundant watering. This will help maintain the necessary humidity.
Pat Austin is fed at least four times per season:
- early spring nitrogen fertilizers;
- during the formation of buds as a complete mineral complex with trace elements;
- the same fertilizing is given to the rose when the first wave of flowering subsides;
- in late summer or early autumn, the bush needs phosphorus-potassium fertilizer - it will help the plant to winter and strengthen weak shoots.
Important! Well the grade responds to foliar top dressing. It is better to use a chelated complex for roses with the addition of epin or zircon. Spraying is carried out no more than once every 14 days.
Experienced gardeners are advised to trim Pat Austin only in the spring, before the buds open:
- if they want to form a bush like a scrub, remove dry, broken, frozen, shading, thickening branches and tips of shoots on the outer bud;
- those who do not like drooping, laden with flowers, make a short cut.
In frost-hardiness zones, including the 5th, Pat Austin is sheltered for the winter, like other roses - they spread a mound 20–25 cm high around the bush. The fourth zone requires more serious protection with spruce branches and white non-woven material.
Rose Pat Austin is one of the first to bloom. With proper care and sufficient top dressing in the middle lane, buds cover the bush from mid-June to frost.
Comment! The color of the variety is best manifested at a moderate temperature.
In order for the flowers to appear continuously, you need:
- remove buds immediately after loss of decorativeness, without waiting for the complete flight of the petals;
- monitor the health of the bush;
- plentifully but rarely watered;
- feed roses;
- mulch the near-stem circle with humus or peat.
In addition to non-compliance with these requirements, flowering is adversely affected:
- temperature changes;
- with heat above 35 ° C, the buds may not open at all, the flowers quickly age and crumble;
- too shaded placement of the plant in cool regions, or sunny without shelter in the south;
- rains spoil blooming roses, and buds are not allowed to blossom.
Attention! Pat Austin is not good for cutting and creating bouquets.
Fully Opened Flowers
It is unlikely that amateur gardeners can propagate the rose Pat Austin on their own. Cuttings poorly take root, and even if they take root, they often die in the first 1-2 years.
Seed propagation of roses is interesting only to breeders. Varietal characters are not inherited with it.
Pat Austin and other English roses are predominantly propagated by vaccination. However, this method is available to specialists and gardeners with extensive experience.
Diseases, pests and ways to combat them
Rosa Pat Austin has medium resistance to typical crop diseases:
- powdery mildew;
- black spotting.
Pests are affected in the same way as other varieties. The most common:
- spider mite;
- scale shield;
- slobbering pennies;
- a bear.
Fungicides are used to treat diseases. To cope with pests, use insecticides, attract birds and beneficial insects to the site.
Important! To minimize problems, it is recommended to do regular preventive treatments against pests and diseases.
On the stem
Rosa Pat Austin is very beautiful. Her owners and landscape designers love her, while gardeners are a variety of troubles. It is worth growing a rose only if it is possible to provide competent, constant care.