Ficuses of various types, for example, varieties Tsiatistipul or ficus homemade Pumila, can be found in almost any apartment or office space. These plants are popular due to their unpretentiousness in the process of care, excellent appearance and an abundance of various types. Many signs and stories are associated with them, so many believe that ficuses, the varieties of which are described in detail in this material, are really capable of bringing good luck. How to choose the appropriate type and what you need to pay attention to below in the article.
Types of Ficus with Large Leaves
These plants are classified as evergreen or deciduous and the Mulberry family. When asked what a standard ficus looks like, many people think of a small plant in a pot. In fact, in the natural environment they can be found in three forms: in the form of shrubs, trees and creepers. There are more than 1000 species of this plant, many of which are capable of reaching several meters in height. Domestic species are much more modest in size and are unpretentious.
Important! This plant enriches the room with oxygen and is able to improve the general atmosphere, as well as normalize sleep. With it, you can create comfort both at home and at work.
Home indoor options with large leaves, for example, balsam, Tiger or Prince, also belong to the Mulberry category plants, they are grown not only in artificial conditions, but also in park areas. The trunks of young plants have a rich green color, and the old ones are dark brown. Large-leaf varieties can not only give an aesthetic appearance to a room, but also eliminate substances hazardous to health in it, including ammonia, benzene and formaldehydes.
The list of broadleaf varieties includes:
More details about some varieties.
Beautiful ficuses such as lirat are presented in several varieties. Each leaf of this variety has large sizes and, as it were, is pulled to the main trunk, so the plant looks like a lyre or a violin. The length of the leaves is in the range of 35-50 cm, the width is 22-25 cm. Their surface is glossy, you need to take care of it: wipe it with wet wipes or spray it every 2-3 days.
The lyre-shaped variety does not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is better to put the pots within 1-1.5 m from the window openings.
Note! Within five days after the purchase, the lira must be carefully transplanted into a new pot with soil, paying attention to moistening the soil.
Spectacular ficus species of Moklama is one of the most famous; it looks like a small bush with bright green leaves. It is often purchased for apartments, but it is worth placing the plant in a place where there are no drafts and direct sunlight. Caring for this species does not cause problems, Moklam should be sprayed more often and provided with watering at room temperature.
During the first weeks after the purchase, Moklama can lose its leaves, this is a typical reaction that signals the adaptation of the plant to new conditions.
The rubbery popular ficus (another name for elastic) can be found in almost every collection of a lover of domestic plant species. This variety has large oval leaves with a glossy finish, growing on cuttings directly from the trunk of the elastic. The height of the plant when growing a house is usually not higher than 2-2.5 m. Elastics require a lot of light.
For your information! After purchase, this type of ficus must be in quarantine for 15 days. For this period it is put in the shade, regularly watered and inspected for pests.
Large-leaf species also include ficus called Abidjan, which is a subspecies of elasticity. This is a flower with large oval-shaped leaves that have a smooth and shiny finish. It is easy to grow in residential conditions, Abidjan is not susceptible to disease.
For cultivation, it is better to give preference to a bright place without direct sunlight. After the acquisition, do not rush to the transplant, Abidjan must adapt. It can be transplanted in 2-3 weeks.
Compact dwarf ficus does not take up too much space, varieties belonging to this species are distinguished by their miniature dimensions and do not cause problems in the process of care. Plants are ideal for growing in pots or hanging flower pots. The leaves of most varieties resemble a heart shape and have a length of no more than 2-3 cm. Mature shoots can produce fruits up to 3 mm in diameter.
For your information! Small dwarf-type fast-growing ficuses can become an adornment of any room. They have been grown since the 17th century, and since then they have not lost their popularity.
All dwarf varieties love careful care. They are undesirable to rearrange, because a change of place can provoke the loss of leaves. Also, such ficuses do not tolerate drafts and a large amount of light. A dwarf plant needs to be watered more often, since most of them have an undeveloped root system. The soil of these varieties should be slightly moist, but care must be taken to ensure that there is no excess of water. You can grow them in low light, including artificial.
Pumila enjoys well-deserved popularity among both beginners and experienced gardeners due to its variegated coloring and curly shape. The variety Pumila has small oval leaves up to 3 cm long and up to 2 cm wide, which have a continuous milk edging. This variety is also used as decoration of facades of houses and fences, decorative compositions and figures. It can be grown in a separate pot or planted with other plants, for example, the ficus of Benjamin Daniela variety is perfectly combined with it.
The standard ficus triangular, or triangularis, is a small shrub, its round-triangular leaves with a glossy finish reach 5-6 cm in length. At home, it grows no more than one meter in length, in the wild up to 30 m. This species grows well in rooms with a high level of humidity, its foliage should be sprayed more often from the spray gun.
Important! It does not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is better to put containers with triangularis in the shade.
Many fans of ficus love precisely variegated varieties due to their original appearance. This is a kind of exotic in the ficus family, which is worth having in your home collection. They are not too capricious in leaving in comparison with other grades. Species included in this category do not like heat and do not tolerate cold. They need constant bright lighting, they especially like daylight, and on cloudy days it is better to heat them with artificial lamps.
Important! Variegated varieties with or without flowers do not tolerate movement from place to place.
For these varieties, special soil mixtures are acquired, they must be loose and pass air well. They need a lot of water, especially in the summer, and the sheets themselves are best wiped with wet sponges. Reproduction is carried out in the warm season, using shoots from the upper or lateral sides, due to which the formation of new cuttings will occur. Simple but regular maintenance will provide the flowers with a perfect look.
The beautiful ficus Starlight is distinguished by large white or cream spots on elongated leaves, the length of which does not exceed 5 cm. It is suitable for those who do not like too large specimens of a fast-growing type. This ficus requires the formation of a crown, which must be corrected by trimming, removing old, black and branches growing in the wrong direction. Starlight needs nutritious and loose soil, transplantation at least twice a year, and regular spraying.
The famous Bengal ficus, or Banyan, with deltoid leaves is considered one of the most beautiful varieties. It is not so difficult to care for it, but it is better to place it in spacious and well-lit rooms, as they can grow up to 3 m in height. They need top dressing 1-2 times a month, regular watering and maintaining humidity at the right level. The leaves need to be cleaned of dust and pruned branches to form a crown in the necessary directions.
An ordinary ficus of the small-leaved type, called Anastasia, is easily recognizable by its leaves with a light green edging along the edges and veins of a similar shade. Its sheets are large and dense reach 7 cm in length and 3 cm in width. This variety requires a large amount of light, but representatives of the variety do not like direct sunlight. It is better to place these plants in well-ventilated places with diffused light, where there will be no drafts, and also pour plenty of soft water at room temperature.
A beautiful ficus called De Dumbbell differs from other varieties in almost monophonic leaves of a light shade with green spots. It does not require careful care with the use of liquid fertilizers every two weeks. Leaves can be wiped with special tools and sprayed. As soil, it is better to use sod with an admixture of horn shavings.
Note! If De Dumbbell grows too much, it is cut in the spring during a period of active growth.
Curly’s luxurious ficus, or ficus, which should be called sacred, is distinguished by its original leaves, each of them has its own shape, shade and edge. For this variety, it is important to learn how to shape the crown by doing regular pruning. Plants of this variety love good lighting, do not tolerate the dryness of the soil to which they respond by dropping leaves. They need to be fed periodically, but do not overdo it with fertilizers.
Ficus with small leaves
Small-leaved miniature ficuses are also very popular. The most famous varieties are distinguished by an interesting color and shape of the leaves, the thickness of the crown and its type. In order for these varieties to grow and not cause problems, they need to create an atmosphere that is as close as possible to the natural environment. Usually they reach two meters in height and have bright and dense leaves with a glossy finish. For them, it is better to choose good lighting of a diffuse type, water at least 1-2 times a week and feed once a month.
The Kinki variety, or curly, is a shrub with small leaves up to 4 cm long. The main feature of this variety is uneven stripes of yellow-beige or light green shade along the edges of the leaves. After purchase, plants of this variety should be immediately transplanted into separate pots made of ceramic or plastic, additionally using a drainage layer. This is necessary to prevent leaf fall due to store additives. Representatives of this species require a lot of light, diffused lighting is ideal for them.
Ficus microcarp Ginseng is considered one of the most original species due to the non-standard root resembling ginger. This is a fairly hardy and unpretentious plant, ficuses of the simple Ginseng variety can be successfully grown in almost any conditions. Outwardly, it looks like a small tree with dark green large leaves up to 15 cm long.
Note! The fanciful ficus of the Ginseng microcarp species grows well at home, it is placed near the windows and watered moderately or plentifully taking into account the time of year.
Spectacular ficuses like Benjamin or Daniel are plants with bright dark green leaves up to 8 cm long. They do not require too careful care, they need bright but diffused light, a light shade in the summer, loose and nutritious soil. It is better to water moderately, avoiding the accumulation of excess moisture in the pot.
Evergreen ficus lyre-shaped with leaves resembling a lyre, because of which it got its name, grows well at home and in office premises. He needs proper care, if there are errors, the plant is prone to dump foliage, so the conditions of its maintenance should be tried to be brought closer to natural. Lyre-shaped ficuses, varieties of which differ in the shape of the leaves, it is better not to move from place to place.
Unpretentious and diverse ficus can become an adornment of any residential or office space. They do not cause difficulties in the care process, look spectacular and have useful properties. For this reason, they are still loved by novice plant lovers and professional gardeners.